7 Continents of the World and their Countries
7 Continents of the World and their Countries

The continents are the large tracts of land that we can see on our planet. They are inhabited by terrestrial organisms, such as human beings, chimpanzees or lions. We have small lands, known as islands, where existence is also possible, but which alone could not form a continent. There are 7 continents on the planet, although many people combine Asia and Europe into one, known as Eurasia. On the other hand, others decide to combine North America with South America, creating the American continent.

The seven continents are Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America.




CONTINENTAREA (KM)POPULATIONMOST POPULOUS CITY
Asia43,820,00020,185,064Shanghai, China
Africa30,370,0001,002,234,000Lagos, Nigeria
Antarctica13,720,0004,490McMurdo Station, US
Australia3,478,20029,127,000Sydney, Australia
Europe3,390,000738,199,000Moscow, Russia
North America9,460,000542,056,000Mexico City, Mexico
South America6,890,000392,555,000Sao Paulo, Brazil


Asia

Asia Continent
Asia is a continent bounded by the border of Europe, containing part of Russia in its interior
Asia is the largest continent and contains the largest population, approximately 4.3 billion people. This is why it is an important part of the world economy. It is located in the northern and eastern hemispheres, occupying 30% of the total land area. It is also known for its dense settlements and for containing large overpopulated regions.

It contains 60% of the population of the planet, an amazing fact if we compare it with the rest of the continents.

The boundaries of this continent are not established exactly so the separation between Europe and Asia is quite diffuse. Hence, many people call both continents Eurasia, considering them one. In the eastern part, Asia is bathed by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.

The continent is known to have a wide variety in terms of culture, environments, ethnic groups, its economic and historical past and its systems of government.

Africa

Africa Continent
The African continent has a large number of inhabitants, with ages less than nineteen
Africa is the second largest continent in the world, being also the second with the largest population. It is made up of 54 countries that make up the home of more than one billion people. Approximately 15% of the world's population lives on this continent.

Africa is located in the center of the Earth so that Ecuador passes through its center. It is the only continent that extends from the north, with colder temperatures, towards the south, with more temperate zones, although in general, its climate is tropical. According to the historians in this continent, the birth of the human species is located, since the oldest fossils were found in it. At present, many different species live on their land.

On the north, it is bathed by the Mediterranean Sea, on the southeast by the Indian Ocean, on the northeast by the Suez Canal and the Red Sea, and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. The African population is the youngest in the world, perhaps due to the shortest life expectancy, to contract diseases, due to the continuous wars and the nonexistent birth control. Approximately 50% of its residents are under 19 years of age.

Antarctica

Antarctica Continent
The continent of Antarctica is a very cold climate and sex that allows the survival of species very different from other places
Antarctica is the continent that is located to the south, located on it the South Pole land and consisting mostly of permanent glaciers. It is one of the places on the planet where life is more complicated. Therefore, it has a very small population, less than 5,000 residents, being the continent with the smallest number of inhabitants.

Approximately 98% of its surface is covered by ice of a thickness of 1.9 kilometers.

It is the fifth largest continent, having twice the size of Australia. It is known for having a dry, cold climate and being the windiest. It contains the highest elevation of the seven continents, reaching -89 degrees of temperature. This hostile environment causes few organisms to survive and there are few resources, so for a long time remained unexplored.

Australia

Australia Continent
Representation of the Australian continent on a map with its different cities and deserts
The Australian continent is the smallest of the seven, being called by some as the continent island. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean is very rich in biodiversity and ecosystems. It is composed of a large number of islands, highlighting the island of Tasmania. Among the closest neighboring countries, we find Indonesia, the Solomon Islands, New Zealand or New Guinea.

It contains the Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest reef, which extends up to 2,000 kilometers northeast of the Australian coast and, the largest monolith on Earth, Mount Augustus.

Before British settlers arrived, Australia was inhabited by Indians, for approximately 40,000 years, so it counted on 250 different language groups. Today, it is considered one of the richest countries in the world, as well as one of the most developed. In addition, it is classified as one of the main countries in terms of quality of life, education, health, economic freedom, and also in the protection of political rights and freedoms.

Europe

Europe Continent
Classification of the European Union with the different flags of each country
Europe is the second smallest continent in the world. It contains 50 countries and is the third largest population, after Asia and Africa. Russia is the largest European country, accounting for 40% of its surface. Know that this country also has part of its territory on the Asian continent.
It is divided from Asia by the basin that divides the Ural Mountains and the Caucasus, the Urals River, the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea and the water courses that connect the Black Sea with the Aegean Sea. Europe is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean in the north, by the Atlantic Ocean in the west and by the Mediterranean Sea in the south and east.

The ancient Greece of Europe is known to be the birthplace of Western culture. Since the beginning of the 15th century, it has played a very important role in history, even during the industrial revolution. During the sixteenth and twentieth centuries the countries of Europe were controlled by America, some parts of Africa and Oceania. This is due to the strategic situation between America and the rest of the continents. However, at present, it begins to have a great influence on the rest of the countries and continents.

North America

North America Continent
The North American continent seen from above, in all its extension and surrounded by different oceans
The North American continent resides in the northern part of the hemisphere. It is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean in the north, by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, by the southwest by the Pacific Ocean and by the southeast by the Caribbean Sea. Its population amounts to 565 million people, containing 7.5% of the world's population.

Much of the area of this continent is dominated by Canada, the United States of America, Greenland, and Mexico. Although it also contains small states from Central America and the Caribbean regions.

South America

South America Continent
Outline of the most outstanding elements of South America
South America is located in the western hemisphere with much of its surface in the southern part and a small portion in the northern hemisphere. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, on its west side, by the Atlantic Ocean on the north and east side, and by the northwest by the Caribbean Sea. It is considered the fourth largest continent, and the fifth in terms of population.

It has great diversity in terms of geography and biodiversity. In Venezuela, there is the highest waterfall in the world, known as El Salto del Ángel. The Amazon River is the largest in the world and the Atacama Desert is also located within this continent. Its biodiversity is characteristic of the place, with unique animal species, such as the anaconda, or the jaguar. Its tropical forests contain the largest proportion of species on the planet. Brazil is the largest country in this continent, occupying more than half of its surface.

Most of the population is located on the west and east coasts, while the southern and inland areas have fewer inhabitants. South America was colonized during long periods of history, by the Spanish and Portuguese, helping these languages ​​to expand through these territories until the present time.